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精品推荐清明上河图

精品推荐清明上河图

Recommended Shanghe Map of the Qingming Festival

作品采用散点透视构图法,生动记录了中国十二世纪北宋都城汴京(又称东京,今河南开封)的城市面貌和当时社会各阶层人民的生活状况,是北宋全盛时期都城汴京繁荣的见证。

The work uses scattered perspective composition, which vividly records the urban appearance of Bianjing (also known as Tokyo, now Kaifeng, Henan Province) and the living conditions of all walks of society at that time. They are the witness to the prosperity of the capital Bianjing in the heyday of the Northern Song Dynasty.

1构图:1. Composition

《清明上河图》描绘了北宋时期都城东京(今河南开封)的状况,主要是汴京以及汴河两岸的自然风光和繁荣景象。

The Riverside Scene during the Qingming Dynasty depicts the situation of the capital of Tokyo (now Kaifeng, Henan Province) during the Northern Song Dynasty, mainly in the natural scenery and prosperity of Bianjing and along both sides of the Bianhe River.

清明上河是当时的民间风俗,像今天的节日集会,人们藉以参加商贸活动。全图大致分为汴京郊外春光、汴河场景、城内街市三部分。

Qingming ShangRiver is a folk custom at that time, like today's festival gathering, people to participate in trade activities. The whole picture is roughly divided into three parts: the spring outside of Bianjing, the Bianhe sc

收藏价值:Collection value

内容丰富,描绘东西繁多。《清明上河图》在表现手法上,以不断移动视点的办法,即“散点透视法”来摄取所需的景象。大到广阔的原野、浩瀚的河流、高耸的城郭,细到舟车上的钉铆、摊贩上的小商品、市招上的文字,和谐的组织成统一整体,在画中有仕、农、商、医、卜、僧、道、胥吏、妇女、儿童、篙师、缆夫等人物及驴、牛、骆驼等牲畜。有赶集、买卖、闲逛、饮酒、聚谈、推舟、拉车、乘轿、骑马等情节。画中大街小巷,店铺林立,酒店、茶馆、点心铺等百肆杂陈,还有城楼、河港、桥梁、货船,官府宅第和茅棚村舍密集。

It is rich and depicts things. "Qingming Riverside Map" in the method of expression, by constantly moving the point of view, that is, "scattered point perspective" to absorb the required scene. Large to the vast fields, vast rivers, towering city guo, fine to the nails on the cart, small goods, vendors on the city, harmonious organization into a unified whole, officials, agriculture, commerce, medicine, medicine, Bu, monks, Tao, officials, women, children, poles, cables and other figures and donkeys, cattle, camels and other livestock. There are fairs, buying, wandering, drinking, gathering, pushing, boat, pulling, sedan chair, horse riding and other plots. Painting the streets and alleys, shops, hotels, teahouses, snack shops and other miscellaneous Chen, as well as city tower, river port, Bridges, cargo ships, official mansion and Maoshed village dense.

关于《清明上河图》中画有的人数,说法不一,常见的有500余人说(白寿彝《中国通史》)、815人说(汤友常数米法)、1695人说(齐藤谦《拙堂文话·卷八》),此外各种牲畜六十多匹,木船二十多只,房屋楼阁三十多栋,推车乘轿也有二十多件,各种说法较为一致。如此丰富多彩的内容,为历代古画中所罕见。各色人物从事的各种活动,不仅衣着不同,神情气质也各异而且穿插安排着各种活动,其间充满着戏剧性的情节冲突,令观者看罢,饶有无穷回味。

On the number of people painted in the Qingming Festival, different, common more than 500 people said (Bai Shouyi "General History of China"), 815 people said (Tang You often number meter method), 1695 people said (Qi Teng Qian "humble language volume eight"), in addition, more than sixty kinds of livestock, more than twenty wooden boats, more than thirty houses and pavilions, carts and cars, various statements are more consistent. Such a rich and colorful content is rare in the ancient paintings. All kinds of characters are engaged in various activities, not only in different clothes, but also in different expressions and temperament and arranged with various activities, which are full of dramatic plot conflicts, so that the viewer can see, with endless aftertaste.

流传历史:Spread of history

1101年, 张择端作《清明上河图》被收入御府。宋徽宗赵佶在卷首题五签,并加盖双龙小印。

In 1101, Zhang Zeduan's Riverside Scene at Qingming Festival was collected from the palace. Zhao Ji, Huizong of Song Dynasty, signed the first five and stamped the seal of Shuanglong .

1127 年,靖康之变后,《清明上河图》卷入金人地区。

In 1127, after the change of Jingkang, the Riverside Scene at Qingming Festival was involved in the Jin people area.

1186 年,(金)张著、张公药、郦权、王磵(jiàn )、张世积等题跋于图后。

In 1186, Zhang Zhu, Zhang Gong, Li Quan, jian, Zhang Shiji came after the map.

1260年,元朝建立后,《清明上河图》被收入秘府。为官匠装池者以赝本偷换出宫。售予某贵官,中途又为保管人偷售给杭州陈彦廉。

In 1260, after the establishment of the Yuan Dynasty, the "Riverside Scene at Qingming Festival" was collected into the secret government. Official craftsmen installed the pool to fake books stolen out of the palace. Sell to an expensive official, midway for the custodian and steal to sell to Hangzhou Chen Yanlin.

1351年,杨准从陈处购得,题长跋记述始末。次年,江西刘汉从杨准处获观,为之题跋,誉为“精艺绝伦”。

In 1351, Yang Jun bought it from Chen and wrote about the beginning and end. The following year, Liu Han of Jiangxi Province was viewed from Yang Zhun and postscript, known as "fine art".

1365年, (元)李祁,记图为静山周氏家。

In 1365, Li Qi (Yuan), shows the Zhou family in Jingshan.

1461年前后, (明)吴宽题称,图在大理寺卿朱鹤坡家。“朱公云:‘此图有稿本,在张英公家。’”

Around 1461, Wu Kuan said that the picture was in the home of Zhu Hepo, Dali Temple. "Zhu Gongyun: 'This picture has a draft, in Zhang Ying' s home.

1451 年,(明)李东阳在图后两次题写长跋,详记画面内容和在明代中朝流传始末:弘治以后,固归华盖殿大学土徐溥所有。徐临终时,赠李东阳。

In 1451, (Ming) Li Dongyang inscribed a long postscript twice after the picture, detailed the content of the picture and the spread of the Ming Dynasty: after Hongzhi, Gu returned to HuagUniversity soil Xu Pu. When Xu died, he gave Li Dongyang.

1524年,图归兵部尚书陆完。陆作题记。陆完死后,其子售予昆山顾鼎臣家,不久,归相国严嵩、严世蕃父子。在此期间,社会上流传很多关于严篙父子借《清明上河图》打击、陷害都御史王忬(yu)的传闻,并被时人收入笔记著作中。严嵩败,家产被籍没,图入宫廷。

In 1524, Tu returned to Lu Wan, the secretary of the Military Department. Lu zuo inscription. After Lu's death, his son was sold to Gu Dingchen, Kunshan, and soon returned to Yan Song, Yan Shifan and his son. During this period, there were spread many rumors in the society that Yan Pole and his son used the Qingming River Map to attack and frame the yu, and were included in the current income notes. Yan Song lost, the family property was not registered, the picture into the court.

1578年, (明)司礼监冯保跋。图由内府转入冯保之手。

In 1578, (Ming) under the ritual supervision of Feng Baohua. The picture from the interior to the hands of Feng Bao.

1644年, 入清以后,图先后为陆费墀、毕沅等人收藏。[4]

In 1644, after entering the Qing Dynasty, the pictures were collected by Lu Taiji, Bi Yuan and others. [4]

1799年, 毕沅死后第四年,家产被籍没,图被收入清宫,并著录于《石渠宝笈三编》。

In 1799, the fourth year after Bi Yuan's death, his property was lost, the picture was collected to the Qing Palace and recorded in the Three Chronicles of Shiqu Treasure Tips.

1911年以后,《清明上河图》连同其他珍贵书画一起,被清末代皇帝溥仪以赏溥杰为名盗出宫外,先存在天津租界内的张园内。

After 1911, the "Qingming Riverside Map", along with other precious paintings and calligraphy, was stolen by the late Qing emperor Puyi to reward Pujie outside the palace, the first existence of the Zhang Garden in the Tianjin Concession.

1921年,溥仪以赏赐溥杰为名,将《清明上河图》等文物偷运出宫,由天津转长春伪满皇宫。

In 1921, Puyi in the name of reward Pujie, the "Qingming Riverside Scene" and other cultural relics smuggled out of the palace, from Tianjin to Changchun puppet Manchu Palace.

1932年,溥仪在日本人扶植下,建立伪满洲国,于是这幅名画又被带到长春,存在伪皇宫东院图书楼中。

In 1932, Puyi was planted under the support of the Japanese to establish the puppet Manchukuo, so the famous painting was taken to Changchun, the book building of the puppet palace.

1945年8月,第二次世界大战接近尾声,日本侵略者的末日也到了。溥仪和他的日本主子一见大事不好,便乘飞机逃往大栗子沟,伪满皇宫因失火而一片狼藉。混乱之中,有不少人便趁机进宫“抢洋捞”,伪皇宫的大批珍贵之物便在这场动乱中流散到了民间,其中,就有《清明上河图》。在通化被截获。将图存放于东北博物馆,后拨交北京故宫博物院。

In August 1945, the Second World War came to an end, and the end of the Japanese invaders arrived. Puyi and his Japanese master saw the big things are not good, they took a flight fled to the big chestnut ditch, the puppet full palace because of the fire and a mess. In the chaos, many people took the opportunity to enter the palace to "grab foreign fishing", a large number of precious things of the fake palace were scattered to the people in the unrest, among them, there is the "Qingming Riverside Map". It was intercepted in Tonghua. Store the pictures in the Northeast Museum and transfer them to the Palace Museum in Beijing

1948年,中国人民解放军解放了长春。解放军干部张克威通过当地干部收集到伪满皇宫流散出去的珍贵字画十余卷,其中就有《清明上河图》。

In 1948, the PLA liberated Changchun. Zhang Kewei, a cadre of the Liberation Army, collected more than ten volumes of precious calligraphy and paintings scattered from the Manchukuo Palace through local cadres, including "Riverside Scene during the Qingming Day".

1949年,张克威同志调到东北行政委员会工作,临行前他将这十余幅卷轴交给了当时开辟东北革命根据地的主要负责人之一林枫同志。《清明上河图》经林枫之手进了东北博物馆,后来又调到北京故宫博物院珍存。

In 1949, Comrade Zhang Kewei was transferred to work in the Northeast Administrative Committee. Before leaving, he handed over more than ten scrolls to Comrade Lin Feng, one of the main persons in charge who opened up the northeast revolutionary base areas at that time. "Riverside Scene at the Qingming Festival" entered the Northeast Museum through the hands of Lin Feng, and later transferred to the Palace Museum in Beijing for rare preservation.

2015年9月8日至11月8日,“石渠宝笈特展”将在故宫的武英殿展出,长528厘米的北宋张择端《清明上河图》全卷铺开陈列。10年前,为了庆祝故宫博物院80岁生日,这幅作品曾经展出过。之后这10年,这幅图只在香港和日本展出过,但都未曾全展开。

On September 8 to November 8,2015, the "Shiqu Bao Gu Te Exhibition" will be displayed in the Wujin Hall of the Imperial Palace. The 528 cm long Zhang Zeduan Riverside Scene on the Qingming Festival in the Northern Song Dynasty. The work was on display 10 years ago to celebrate the Palace Museum's 80th birthday. In the next 10 years, the picture appeared only in Hong Kong and Japan, but it was not fully launched.

重要展览: Important exhibitions

2019年3月4日,北京故宫博物院公布,2020年9月,《清明上河图》将在午门正殿及东西雁翅楼展厅举办的“《清明上河图》与历代风俗画”展展出。

On March 4,2019, the Palace Museum in Beijing announced that in September 2020, the Qingming Riverside Map will be displayed in the "Qingming Riverside Map and Ancient Customs Painting" exhibition held in the Meridian Gate Main Hall and the East and West Wild Wing Building Exhibition Hall.

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This collection is now handed over to the marketing specialist of the company for operation and promotion. Welcome everyone to visit the company appreciation and negotiation, the majority of collectors can through the media welcome to the company to understand the details, if you want to buy, in advance to deal with the relevant procedures to negotiate the company.

一件藏品的成交离不开广告宣传!本公司以自成立以来,始终秉承“公开,公平,公正,诚实,守信”的服务原则,做最实在的宣传,上最高端的平台,享受最好的服务。

A collection of transactions can not do without advertising! Since its establishment, the company has always been adhering to the "open, fair, just, honest, trustworthy" service principle, do the most practical publicity, on the top platform, enjoy the best service.

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